Chiropractic is the only healthcare profession that benefits from international education standards.
In Europe it is the European Council on Chiropractic Education (ECCE) which controls and accredits chiropractic schools for safety and quality care.
In France only the Franco-European Institute of Chiropractic (IFEC) is accredited as a private establishment of higher education. It is allowed to award a 5-year full-time diploma equivalent to 5500 course hours combining theory and practice.
Yes, since 2002 Chiropractic is officially recognized by the French Health Ministry.
In January 2011, the decree about acts and conditions of chiropractic exercise in France defines the chiropractor as the only non medical therapist entitled to perform spinal manipulation in first intention, without prior medical advice.
Read the decree n°2011-32 of January 7th, 2011 about the acts and conditions of chiropractic exercise (French)
Chiropractic care is not refunded by social security.
However, most private health insurances reimburse all or part of the costs for a visit.
Read the list of private health insurances that refund Chiropractic care (French)
Chiropractic is widely recognized as one of the safest and efficient non-invasive therapies for the treatment of neuromusculoskeletal complaints.
However, no treatment is free of potential adverse effects that the professional is trained to continuously assess, minimizing both severity and frequency.
Chiropractic treatment can lead to transient fatigue, mild local soreness, stiffness or aching which typically fades within a few hours to three days. A worsening of symptoms is reported in moderate to rare cases.
To better understand the risks and benefits, we have to compare with drugs and surgery where the risk of severe complications is significantly higher than in manual conservative care.
In France, the two professions differ in terms of training, regulation, scope of practice, and techniques.
Osteopaths have a non uniform education system, with differences in their background.
In terms of regulation, unlike chiropractors, osteopaths require a certificate issued by a medical doctor for forced cervical manipulation, and are forbidden to treat infants under 6 months of age.
cf. Osteopathie rapport Inserm, legifrance.gouv (French)